Making 24P (progressive-scan) DVD's with DVFilm Maker
Maker is an essential part of making progressive-scan DVD's from your DVX100 camera. Progressive-scan DVD's will playback more smoothly than NTSC DVD's from 24P material (assuming you have a progressive-scan DVD player and a progressive-scan TV set), and will take up less space on the DVD allowing for higher-quality encoding or longer shows. The number one thing to remember is to always shoot 24P Advanced mode and use DVFilm Maker to process your clips before editing. The rest of the process is as follows:
Mac Platform: Edit your project with Final Cut Pro at 23.976 frames/sec. Export an MPEG2 at 23.976P. Or export a 23.976P Quicktime and use BitVice to encode to MPEG2. Use MPEG Telecine to modify the MPEG file flags so that it will play back with a 3:2 pulldown on standard televisions. Use DVD-SP to record the file to your DVD superdrive.
Windows Platform: Edit your project with Adobe Premiere Pro 1.5 at 23.976 frames/sec
and 48000 Hz audio. Create a 23.976P MPEG2 file using TMPGEnc. which permits encoding at 23.976P with 3:2 pulldown flags. There is more info on the settings for TMPGEnc below. Burn the MPEG2 (.m2v) file using the DVD authoring software that
came with your drive, or with TMPGenc DVD.
The resulting DVD will play back on any NTSC DVD player and TV set using a 3:2 pulldown. However if it is played on a computer/LCD projector or a 24P-capable DVD player and a 24P-capable HDTV set, it will be displayed at 24 fps with no 3:2 pulldown, just as it would appear in a movie theater.
More up-to-date info on 24P authoring with ffmpeg and DVDStyler is on our discussion board here.
Use the wizard in TMPGEnc to set the basic settings:
Choose format = DVD, NTSC, High Quality (720 x 480, 29.97 fps), and CBR Linear PCM Audio.
Select video type = non interlaced
Select aspect ratio as appropriate
Select content = Film movie
Deselect all filtering
Video resolution = 720 x 480
Average video bitrate = 8000 kbits/sec
Select DVD-R (4.7GB) disk type
Uncheck Start encoding immediately (i.e. do not start).
Then click on settings, go to the Video Tab, make sure it says MPEG-2 Stream type, 720 x 480, frame rate of 23.976, Constant bit rate (CBR) of 8000 kbits/sec, 3:2 pulldown when [during] playback, DC component precision = 9 bits, Motion estimate search (fast). The settings for Rate control, bitrate, motion estimate, etc are OK to be be changed by advanced users.
Then go to the Advanced Tab, and turn OFF the inverse telecine option if it is selected (this tries to remove 3:2 pulldown from the source movie - not good). Turn OFF the 3:2 pulldown option if it is selected (this adds pulldown BEFORE playback - not good). Basically all of the Advanced option check boxes should be deselected, Make sure on the Advanced Settings it says Video source Type = Non-interlace, Field order (doesn't matter) Source aspect ratio 4:3 or 16:9, 525 line NTSC.
Save and close settings and hit Start to start encoding.
You know when you have done it correctly when the movie plays back smoothly on the TV, and you can step through the frames on the DVD without seeing duplicate or missing frames vis-a-vis the original 23.976P Quicktime.
Join the discussion group on DVFilm transfers and DVFilm software, click here.
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